Mongolian Museum Exhibits

The middle school students finished preparing their Mongolian museum exhibits this week. Please take a look at a small sampling of artifacts that they would bring to the PEM if they could


1. This is a homemade Mongolian saddle, which was once used by soldiers in Mongolia’s fierce army. This item is important because the Mongols were known for their great ability to shoot arrows while riding on horseback. If they didn’t have these saddles it would have been harder for them to keep a steady aim while fighting soldiers from other countries. Most of these saddles were made from gold, brass, wood, and processed rawhide. From the BogdKhaan Palace Museum of Mongolia

dodgag is a robe that usually upper class Mongolians would wear. There were many variations of the robe and some were more sturdy and war ready than others. It is made with Satin, threads, gold and silver threads, ivory, brass. When it was used in war its main purpose was to stop arrows, and other sharp objects from penetrating the users skin. It worked well in this purpose because of its heavy exterieurFrom the Bogd Khaan Palace Museum of Mongolia

3. A beaver fur hat was worn by  Mongols for a couple reasons, one was that the soft pelt of the beaver would keep whoever was wearing it very warm. Another reason it was so commonly worn was that it was very inexpensive to make and buy. It was made from two materials, silk and beaver pelt. The hats were so common with the mongols during war because most of the places they fought in were very cold. From the Bogd KhaanPalace Museum of Mongolia

This mongolian bridle was used by one of the thousands of soldiers that helped to take over the middle east. A bridle is used to steer a horse, and it’s like a steering wheel in the way that it makes a horse turn on command just like a car. Bridles at this time were usually made with leather and pieces of string to help keep the bridle tight. This item was usually an inexpensive item, because of the large amounts of people riding on horseback. From the Bogd Khaan Palace Museum of Mongolia


The bow and arrow were one of, if not the most important items that helped push the mongols forward, and take over the middle east. The reason the bow and arrow were so important is because at the time other countries had begun to use guns, and cannons, while the mongols were taking down a whole country’s army with just  bow and arrow. Other countries were surprised on how well they could yield a bow and made it more difficult to fight against. They are made with bamboo, and sinew on the back, bound together with animal glue. From the Bogd Khaan Palace Museum of Mongolia


This Mongolian sword was another valuable weapon that helped the great army take over the middle east. It was used mainly in hand to hand combat and sometimes used on horse, with the user slashing people while speeding away on their horse.Swords may have not been important but were still very useful in combat. It is made from steel, leather, and animal glue.vFrom the BogdKhaan Palace Museum of Mongolia


Mongol Project 

Theme: Accessories 

1) This is a gold bracelet that was from the fourteenth century. This bracelet has detailed design of phoenix’s and demons. Since the bracelet was made out of gold, it was probably worn by someone who had money or was in a higher class. This artifact was found in Khara KhourumThis bracelet is held at the Institute of Archaeology of the Mongolian Academy of Science. 

2) This is a Neolithic necklace from around 4000-3000 BCE. It was found in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The necklace was made out of teeth, stones, shells, and other things that could be found in nature. Since some of the decorations on the necklace are really big, therefore it was probably worn by someone who was semi-important. The necklace is in The National Museum of Mongolia. 


3) This is D.Sukhbaatar garment, vest. It was worn by leaders who were entering Niislel (modern day Ulaanbaatar). The vest is made for important people who were rich. It was made out of silk and was decorated with a traditional knot pattern called ulzii. The vest was found in 1921, and is kept at The National Museum of Mongolia. 

4) This is a Khuhuur-leather bag for airag. Airag was one of the types of milk the Mongolians had. It was made to help preserve and carry airag. The bag is made out of smoked cow hide. It was made in the beginning of the twentieth century. The bag is held at The National Museum of Mongolia.


5) This is a Dashmag flask, that was created in the nineteenth or twentieth century. They are made out of processed skin, leather, and hide. Dashmag flasks are used to carry liquid like water or alcohol. This type of flask can be found in many different shapes and sizes. This particular Dashmagflask in held at The Museum of Mongolia.






Bronze dagger


The bronze dagger shows the popularity of animal shaped tools and weapons. The handle of the dagger is in the shape of a wild mountain sheep’s head. This artifact looks like it was used in the military. The artifact looks like it might have been a weapon for generals of the army or royalty. 


Kultegin, (685 – 731 CE). A Turkic prince & military general

This is a statue of a Turkic prince and military general. The statue has a bird at the front of the crown. This statue was most likely made to honor the prince and show respect. The statue seems to have been damaged. There is a long slash through the front of the crown and upper face of the statue. 



Black banner

The Black banner was the battlefield banner. This banner belonged to the khan. The banner represented the power of the “Everlasting Blue Heaven”. When the khan went to war, the Black banner would be raised. This artifact is made out of wood, bronze, and horse tail. It appears to have a sword and shield at the top of the banner. This banner gave the khan the spirit and power of the mongols. This would help them defeat any enemy. 

White banner

The White banner was the opposite of the Black banner. The White banner was the peace banner, also called  ‘YisunKholt Tsagaan Tug’. The banner was put in places of peace and located away from war. The banner is made from the tails of different white mares.



Armored boots

These armored boots are from the 15th – 16th century. They have been used multiple times. These boots were passed down through seven generations. The boots are made out of calfskin. These armored boots have many layers of calfskin. Thematerials came from central asia




Headdress of Queen Dondogdulam

The headdress of Queen Dondogdulam, (located in 

The Bogd Khaan Museum of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia,) is a headdress made of pearls, silver, coral and other stones. It was made some time in the 20th century. The Sitatara Queen Dondogdulam wore this headdress when she was elevated to Dakini Regnant of Mongolia in 1911. The headdress has 58 pearl strings that end with pink stones. Looking at these materials, the Mongols must have had to set up trade routes or trade deals with other countries that had access to pearls. If this headdress was dated back earlier the Mongols might have just taken the materials necessary.

The Ritual Hat of Bhuddist Exorcism

The Bogd who wore this hat was the only monk to ever achieve Buddhist degree of Kyabje rank. This hat was used by the 8th Bogd (leader) Jevzundamba during a dance called Khuree Tsam. It was made in the early 20th century and has materials such as a human skull, coral, silver, and lace. On the hat there is a Soyomboscript. Often on religious artifacts there is some form of human skull used. From looking at this hat you can see that it has skulls (and uses a real human skull) this could mean that the Mongols did not like death or they wanted to be protected against it. Judging that it was an exorcism hat, the wearer might be doing an exorcism dance, but that is not certain. This artifact is located at The Bogd Khaan Museum of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

The Beaver Fur Hat of Bogd Khaan

This is the hat of Bogd Khaan. It is made of black beaver fur (which has more of a brown tint) and yellow silk. The hat has a red silk lining, and yellow strings to keep the cap on. A five sided embroidered ball is on top of the hat. The hat was made for the Bogd in the early 20th century. This artifact was most likely used as a normal hat due to weather. It is a more simple hat compared to the hats that were used in Mongolian traditions. The hat is more simple, but probably very warm. The beaver fur most likely kept the wearer warm during Mongolian winter and fall. This hat is located at The Bogd Khan Museum of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. 


Decorative Jewelry and Accessories of Khalkha

This is jewelry from one of the 20 ethnic Mongolian groups. It’s from the Khalkhapeople, who take up more than eighty percent of the population. Each ethnic group has different styles and types of jewelry. There is no date for this jewelry. It is most likely made of silver, turquoise and possibly coral (judging from the other materials used to make other items). Women from the Khalkha people wore their hair in a ‘winged coiffure’ with large silver ornaments. From looking at the pieces the bottom two and top two look most like hair pieces, and the middle four could be pins for the hair. The two pieces in the middle look most like rings. This piece is from the Fine Arts Zanzabar Museum, Ulan Bator, Mongolia.

Gold Alloy Bracelet

This is a gold alloy bracelet from KharaKhorum. The bracelet has phoenixs and demons on it, which could have shown a good soul or heart. Since the bracelet is gold it might have been worn by someone influential, and the design is very intricate which could show that the wearer had power. The design is most likely influenced from Arabian or Chinese culture, because the Mongols did not have such strong art as other cultures at the time. This bracelet is from the 14th century. Courtesy of the Institute of Archaeology of the Mongolian Academy of Science



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